The foreign investment, through different forms specially the FDI assists accelerating the process of economic development in the host country which, align with the importance of application of new technology, have both largely contributed to introducing wide-reaching changes in the national policies on foreign investment in general and FDI in particular and the government’s efforts on promotion and attraction of foreign investment. The government of the Islamic Republic of Iran being know exception has introduced policies in the context of the 5 year economic, social and cultural development plans and incentives to attract the foreign investment and FDI align with providing ground for the extensive engagement of the private sector in the national economy to be able to meet the objectives set force in the twenty year vision of the country. The organization facilitating the business environment and simplifying the process of doing business and economic performance in the market oriented competitive economy has always being considered and attended within the government of Iran policy making mechanism in the recent years.
With Iran’s rise as a regional and international economic power with lots of comparative and competitive advantages and the new historic role in envisaged for contribution of private sector in the national economy, the country is mostly focused on transfer of high technology, modern managerial skills, higher local completion and new export markets in the context of its foreign investment promotion program to assists in forming and efficient and sound coalition between the local private sector and foreign investors. However, any potential foreign investor requires valid, reliable and update information on overall business and investment environment, governing rules and regulations, government policies and approaches toward foreign investments along with any relevant and useful information assisting for making decision on choosing the most appropriate business structure in form of subsidiary, joint ventures or wholly owned company.